Drink contraceptive pills, undergoing tubal ligation surgical procedures, giving birth and practicing breastfeeding, are factors that help reduce the likelihood of getting ovarian cancer.
It is the sixth most frequent pathology in women in the world and third in Mexico among gynecologic cancers, reports the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of the state government.
Within the framework of World Ovarian Cancer Day, the agency said that women could also reduce the risk of suffering from this cancer, which is more lethal than breast or cervical, seeking other protective factors such as maintaining a healthy weight or not receiving hormone replacement therapy after the menopause.
Details that there are factors of protection against ovarian cancer like having taken contraceptive pills for five years or more, which allows you to have approximately 50% less risk of suffering from it, or have undergone surgical procedures of tubal ligation or removal of ovaries or uterus.
Also, having given birth or breastfeed for a year or more, help women to have a moderately reduced risk of presenting this condition.
According to National Institute of Cancerology and the National Institute of Public Health, epithelial ovarian cancer (cells that cover the ovary) is the most common with 95 percent of cases, mainly from 45 years, and the remaining five percent corresponds to the germ cell (cells inside) in young women
According to the Oncoguía of Ovarian Epithelial Cancer, the diagnosis is usually made after menopause and the average age of presentation is at 63 years, although 16 percent of cases are diagnosed between 40 and 44 years, while survival to five years it has changed from 37 percent in 1976 and 41 n 1985, to 53 percent in the year 2000.
In the state, this cancer is the seventh cause of morbidity due to malignant tumors in the State Institute of Cancerology with four percent of the cases (343) of the cancers that have been treated between 1996 and 2018.
The Ministry of Health reported that the risk of ovarian cancer increases with age and, among women who are obese or have their first full-term pregnancy (full) after age 35, in addition to those who never had a full-term pregnancy , as well as among those who use estrogen after menopause or have a family history.